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Posts for: August, 2022

By Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute
August 18, 2022
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Hammertoes  

Discover more about this foot deformity and why it happens.

Bunions always seem to get the spotlight when talking about foot deformities; however, it’s also essential to shed light on hammertoes. This common deformity affects the middle joint of the smaller toes. When this joint is impacted, it causes the toes to bend downward. Wondering if you may be at risk for hammertoes? Here’s what you should know,

What Can Lead to a Hammertoe?

It’s important to figure out what can cause a hammertoe to develop so you can do your best to avoid certain habits or practices that could increase your risk. Some risk factors for hammertoes include,

  • A family history of hammertoes
  • Wearing tight or pointed shoes
  • Wearing shoes that are too small
  • Dealing with bunions, corns and calluses
  • Arthritis
  • Injury or trauma to a toe

One of the easiest ways to avoid developing a hammertoe is to wear the proper shoes. This means avoiding shoes that are too small, which forces toes to curl under or bunch up. Wearing poorly fitted shoes can also make bunions, blisters and other foot problems more likely to occur, making developing hammertoes more likely.

What Are the Symptoms of a Hammertoe?

Those with more mild symptoms may only notice the presence of a corn or callus, and the toe will be bent down. You may notice some pain when walking or trying to move the affected toe. Those with more severe symptoms may have trouble walking or may not be able to move their toes. The affected toes will also look claw-like in nature.

How Is a Hammertoe Treated?

If you suffer from only mild hammertoe symptoms, then the number one recommendation your podiatrist may make is to change your footwear. Avoid shoes with high arms, pointed toes, or shoes that are too tight and push toes into a bunched position. You can also opt for shoe inserts and orthotics to take pressure off certain parts of your foot while walking. This can also reduce pain and discomfort while moving.

Also, talk to your podiatrist about stretching exercises you can do from the comfort of your home daily to reduce hammertoe-related symptoms. This can also help to reposition the toe over time.

If you have more severe symptoms and other treatments aren’t improving your condition, you may need surgery to help realign the toe. Surgery for hammertoes is usually performed as an outpatient procedure.


By Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute
August 10, 2022
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Podiatrist   Foot Doctor  

There are numerous benefits to seeing a foot doctor regularly. Podiatrists help you maintain healthy feet. Scheduling periodic podiatry visits also helps reduce your risk of sustaining a foot or ankle injury or developing various foot conditions. Dr. Dallin Greene and Dr. Nathan Judd, the board-certified foot doctors at Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute in Bozeman, MT, offer a diverse range of services to keep your feet healthy.

Conditions Treated by Foot Doctors

Foot doctors diagnose and treat various foot and ankle conditions and injuries. They develop individualized treatment plans to ensure injuries heal properly. Without prompt treatment, a foot or ankle injury could lead to chronic problems, such as ongoing pain or instability. Podiatrists also help patients manage specific foot and ankle conditions, such as arthritis. Additionally, foot doctors provide diabetic foot care for patients with diabetes.

The experienced foot doctors at our Bozeman, MT, foot and ankle institute diagnose and treat a broad range of conditions, including:

  • Flat feet
  • Heel pain
  • Ankle pain
  • Foot fractures
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Sprained ankles
  • Achilles tendon injuries
  • Diabetic foot care
  • Puncture wounds
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Toenail fungus
  • Neuromas
  • Foot warts
  • Bunions

Benefits of Seeing a Foot Doctor

Your feet serve an important function by supporting your entire body. A problem with your feet or ankles could lead to problems in other parts of the body, such as leg or back pain. One of the benefits of seeing a foot doctor regularly is healthier feet. Taking care of your feet helps reduce leg or back pain and other side effects related to specific foot or ankle problems.

Another benefit of seeing a podiatrist periodically is that the doctor can identify potential issues early on before they have a chance to progress and become worse, which could lead to chronic problems. Some key benefits of seeing a foot doctor are:

  • Diagnose and treat various types of injuries and foot conditions
  • Monitor foot and ankle injuries to ensure they heal properly
  • Develop treatment plans tailored to the needs of each patient
  • Provide specialized care to help patients enjoy better foot and ankle health
  • Personalized recommendations for preventing injuries or other problems
  • Help with management of pain relief and other symptoms
  • Provide individualized footwear recommendations

Enjoy better foot and ankle health by seeing a podiatrist regularly. To see a foot doctor in Bozeman, MT, schedule an appointment with Dr. Greene or Dr. Judd by calling Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute at (406) 782-2278.


By Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute
August 01, 2022
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Bunions  

Find out how to get your bunion pain under control and when to see a podiatrist.

A bunion is a painful foot deformity that warrants turning to a podiatrist to learn how to manage your pain and slow the deformity’s progression. If you suspect you might have a bunion, but you’ve never actually found out, it’s time to turn to a podiatrist to learn more. In the meantime, here’s what you should know about bunion pain and ways to manage it.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is a deformity of the big toe’s joint that causes a large, bony bump to stick out at the edge of the foot at the base of the toe. The bump may become swollen, red or painful, especially when wearing certain shoes.

What Are Some Ways That I Can Manage My Symptoms?

There are ways to slow a bunion’s progress enough that you may never need surgery. If your symptoms are minor, changing your shoes will make a world of difference. Opt for shoes with a wide toe box, don’t put pressure on the bunion, and have a low heel.

Shoes should also provide proper support, and remember—shoes don’t last forever. We know it’s tough to part with them, but if your shoes are worn out, they aren’t giving your feet the stability they need.

Other ways to reduce bunion pain and take pressure off the deformed joint is to,

  • Maintain a healthy weight (or lose excess weight)
  • Apply a non-medicated bunion pad over the joint before wearing shoes
  • Consider using custom orthotics or night splints (talk with your podiatrist first)
  • Take NSAID pain relievers when necessary to ease bouts of achiness and throbbing pain
  • Apply ice packs to the area or take warm soaks to ease symptoms
  • Consider getting regular massages to help boost blood flow

Can I Get Rid of a Bunion?

The simple answer is “yes”. You can get rid of a bunion but only through surgery. Of course, while surgery is usually the last treatment option to consider, this doesn’t necessarily mean that surgery isn’t the right choice for you. You may be a good candidate for bunion surgery if,

  • Your bunion doesn’t respond to home treatment
  • Bunion pain is severe and chronic
  • Your bunion affects your daily routine and quality of life

Don’t let bunion pain impact your life and daily routine. A podiatrist can map out a treatment plan that fits your lifestyle and activities to help you better control your pain and get back to what you love doing.