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By Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute
December 06, 2021
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Custom Orthotics   Orthotics  
Custom OrthoticsOur feet are often overworked and underappreciated. They do so much for us and yet we often take them for granted unless they start to cause us issues. Whether you’re looking for ways to prevent foot problems from happening in the first place or you’re already dealing with these issues, there are many reasons people are turning to their podiatrist for custom orthotics.

What are orthotics?

Sometimes known as arch support, custom orthotics give people the freedom to stand and move easier and more comfortably. Some people might opt for over-the-counter orthotics because of convenience; however, over-the-counter orthotics are not crafted uniquely to your feet, which often means that they won’t provide the relief you’re looking for from foot pain and other issues, and may even make problems worse. Instead, consider getting custom orthotics that are designed to correct your specific foot problems, ease symptoms, and make it easier for you to get back to your life.

Here are the types of custom orthotics that podiatrists often provide:

Rigid Orthotics

Rigid orthotics are often made from harder materials such as plastic or carbon fiber and are used to control function. They also help to control motion in the joints of the foot. They are most often used with walking shoes or dress shoes as they help with strains, aches and pains in the legs, thighs, and lower back.

Soft Orthotics

Just like the name states, soft orthotics are made out of more cushioned materials so they can act as shock absorbers, help with balance, and relieve pressure. They also cradle the soles of the foot and support everything from the heel and balls of your feet to the toes. Since soft orthotics help to absorb shock, they can be a good option for athletes and those with active lifestyles.

Semi-Rigid Orthotics

Semi-rigid orthotics can also be a great option for sports players as they provide a good balance. As the name implies, semi-rigid orthotics are made with layers of soft material that are backed by a rigid material. While this type is great for avid walkers and the like, semi-rigid orthotics are also prescribed to treat flatfoot and other foot disorders in children. If you’re planning on running a marathon this year and you’re experiencing foot pain, semi-rigid orthotics might help relieve some of the discomforts you’re feeling while training.

Are you interested in custom orthotics? If so, your podiatrist can chat more about orthotics and how they could benefit your feet based on your foot health, age, activities, and lifestyle.
By Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute
November 30, 2021
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Ankle Pain  

Healthy feet and ankles are essential to your health, wellness, and productivity. When you are experiencing foot or ankle pain in Butte, MT, Bozeman, MT, or Anaconda, MT  it is imperative that you have these problems treated as soon as possible. Dr. Dallin Greene and Dr. Nathan Judd of Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute are to help. 

Understanding Ankle and Foot Pain

Ankle and foot pain can have many causes. Understanding the origin of your pain will be necessary to find the appropriate treatments for you. With state-of-the-art diagnostic tools, we will be able to pinpoint the exact locations and causes of your pain. 

Ankle and foot pain can be a result of injuries or ongoing pain issues. Some issues which can cause foot and ankle pain in Bozeman, MT can be:

  • Arthritis 
  • Tendon issues 
  • Tarsal syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis 
  • Other disorders 

What Treatments Are Available?

When you visit the podiatrist, you will be evaluated for your overall health and wellness. Your medical history will be examined and diagnostics will be done to determine the cause and location of your ankle or foot pain. Once this information has been gathered, the doctor will be able to develop a treatment plan that is right for you. There are several treatments available for dealing with these pain issues. Here are a few treatment options which might be offered.

  • Pain injections- This treatment method utilizes injections of pain medications directly into the affected area. 
  • Shockwave therapy- This therapy uses laser technology to stimulate the body's own healing processes to reduce pain and inflammation. 
  • Physical therapy- Physical therapy can be very helpful following an injury. This type of treatment will help to retrain the muscles and tendons. Physical therapy is a great way to regain mobility and productivity following a surgery or injury. 

If you would like to learn more about our services or to discuss foot and ankle pain in Bozeman, MT, Butte, MT, or Anaconda, MT, please contact Dr. Greene and Dr. Judd at Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute, at 406-782-2278.

By Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute
November 24, 2021
Category: Foot Issues
Tags: Sweaty Feet   Hyperhidrosis  
Sweaty FeetSweating occasionally is normal. It could be a particularly hot day or you could simply be hitting your workout hard. In these instances, sweating isn’t just normal, it’s expected; however, if you find yourself sweating excessively, particularly in your feet, and for no reason whatsoever you may be wondering what’s going on.

Your Sweaty Feet Could be Hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis is the medical term for excessive sweating. Plantar hyperhidrosis is when people experience excessive sweating of the feet. Men are often more likely than women to develop this issue. The good news is that if your podiatrist determines that you have plantar hyperhidrosis there are ways to several ways to treat it.

Your Hyperhidrosis May Be Secondary

Okay, so what does this mean exactly? This means that you may have an underlying condition that could have brought about hyperhidrosis. So by finding and treating the underlying cause we can often alleviate hyperhidrosis. Secondary hyperhidrosis may be caused by:
  • Menopause
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Anxiety
  • Diabetes
  • Intense stress
  • Certain prescription medications such as antidepressants
  • Tuberculosis and other infections
  • Dysautonomia
We’ll Try Conservative Measures First

As is the way for treating most health conditions, your podiatrist will often recommend certain lifestyle changes and simple treatment options first to see if these are effective enough against excessive sweatiness. Only if these treatment options don’t work will your podiatrist turn to more aggressive options. Conservative options include:
  • Applying deodorant or antiperspirant to your feet
  • Applying antifungal powder to the feet
  • Making sure not to wear the same shoes two days in a row
  • Choosing breathable shoes (shoes made from leather or canvas)
  • Wearing moisture-wicking socks
How a Podiatrist Can Help

While a podiatrist can recommend a variety of options to help you manage your sweaty feet, there are instances where you may need to turn to a foot and ankle specialist for more aggressive treatment. One way that a podiatrist treats sweaty feet is with iontophoresis, a painless device that passes mild electrical currents through the feet to temporarily stop sweat glands from producing sweat. Along with iontophoresis, a podiatrist may also recommend Botox injections, which can also temporarily stop excessive sweating for anywhere from 6-9 months.

If you are dealing with sweaty feet and it’s impacting your daily routine or making you uncomfortable, a podiatrist can evaluate your issue and figure out how to get your sweating under control.
By Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute
November 02, 2021
Category: Foot Injuries
Tags: Splinters  
SplintersGetting splinters in the feet is fairly common. Of course, some people wonder if they can simply leave a splinter in their foot and let it work itself out. Others may not know how to safely remove a splinter, which can cause more harm than good. A podiatrist can help you remove splinters from your feet, particularly in children who may be squeamish about having parents remove them.

Why Splinters Need to be Removed

Regardless of whether the splinter is wood, glass, or even a plant thorn, you must remove it from the foot as soon as possible. Why? Because these foreign objects also contain germs, which can lead to an infection if the splinter isn’t promptly and fully removed.

How to Remove a Splinter Yourself

You probably have all the tools you need at home to remove a splinter safely. Of course, it’s important to go over the basics of safe splinter removal. Here are tips for safely removing the splinter:
  • Soak the foot in warm water for a few minutes to soften the skin
  • Wash your hands thoroughly before removing the splinter
  • Once the skin has softened in the water, see if you can squeeze the splinter out by simply applying pressure to both sides (like you would a pimple)
  • If squeezing doesn’t work, you can use tweezers or a sewing needle to remove the foreign object (just make sure to disinfect these tools first with rubbing alcohol)
  • If the splinter cannot be grabbed with tweezers, use the needle to create a small opening around the splinter to make it easier to grab
  • Be gentle and careful when removing the splinter to avoid breaking it
When To See a Podiatrist

While a splinter often isn’t a big deal there will be situations in which turning to a podiatric physician will be the best option. You should turn to one if:
  • You aren’t able to remove the splinter or foreign object yourself
  • The area becomes red, tender, swollen, or contains pus (signs of infection)
  • You feel like there’s a splinter but you can’t see it
  • You have diabetes or nerve damage in your feet (do not try to remove a splinter yourself)
  • The splinter is too deep or too painful
  • Your child is too squeamish or won’t sit still so you can remove the splinter
If there is a foreign body in your foot or your child’s foot, or if there are symptoms of an infection present, it’s important that you turn to your podiatrist right away to have the splinter removed and the area properly treated.
By Big Sky Foot and Ankle Institute
October 25, 2021
Category: Foot Conditions
Tags: Bone Spurs  
Bone SpursBone spurs may develop on your foot over time and cause severe pain. Recovering from this health issue requires a careful approach and a myriad of different treatments. Understanding each of these options will help to make your recovery smoother and minimize your suffering as an individual. Here's what you need to know about this topic, including both non-surgical and surgical care options for your spurs.

Non-Surgical Care for Bone Spurs 

Most podiatrists attempt non-surgical care before turning to any operating on a bone spur. These simple steps help to minimize pain and relieve suffering. Typically, they'll start by suggesting over-the-counter pain medication or prescribing high-dose medicines of this type. Acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium can all help to cut back on this kind of bone spur pain. 

However, they may also suggest icing the area, prescribe regular massage visits, or even provide specialized shoes or footwear that support the bone spur and minimize your pain. The extra padding helps to keep the spur from rubbing up against the shoe and worsening. Sometimes, they may also prescribe a weight-loss routine, including a specialized diet and controlled exercise routines to help decrease foot pressure. 

Most of the time, these treatments help to minimize pain and keeps you on your feet. Typically, they rarely cause any serious complications and can be worked around in your day-to-day life. But, unfortunately, there are instances in which a bone spur could be more than a minor nuisance. In these situations, surgery is necessary to ensure that you recover fully from this problem.

Surgical Options 

Does your bone spur press on your nerves and limit your range of motion? If so, you're not alone. Many people experience this kind of struggle and need surgery to recovery. Surgeons start by checking the extent of your bone spur and seeing how it impacts your foot and leg and your mobility.

Then, they'll carefully come up with a surgical plan that removes the spur and keeps your body safe. This procedure requires carefully opening up the skin around the spur and surgically cutting it away from the foot. A short recovery period will follow, one that helps to ensure your foot fully recovers before you put excess weight on it.

Find Help Today 

If you think you have a bone spur and want to get help, reach out to a local podiatrist today to learn more. They'll work with you to find a treatment plan that makes sense. Catching it early enough should minimize your need for surgery. With this type of help, you can regain a pain-free life and transition back to the everyday experiences that your bone spur has robbed from you. 




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